St. Mark’s Adult Education Meeting Summary
Today’s Scripture Readings
A Study Led By Rev. Michael Kreutzer
Sunday, January 11, 2009
In the beginning when God created the heavens and the earth, the earth was a formless void and darkness covered the face of the deep, while a wind from God swept over the face of the waters. Then God said, “Let there be light”; and there was light. And God saw that the light was good; and God separated the light from the darkness. God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And there was evening and there was morning, the first day.
> May not have been created out of nothing.
> Wind, breath, and spirit all mean the same in both Hebrew and Greek.
> Most recent translation: “Wind of God.” or “Divine Wind.”
> Here God is exercising total authority and is naming everything.
> Evening begins the first day in Jewish tradition.
1 Ascribe to the Lord, you gods, *
ascribe to the Lord glory and strength.
2 Ascribe to the Lord the glory due his Name; *
worship the Lord in the beauty of holiness.
3 The voice of the Lord is upon the waters;
the God of glory thunders; *
the Lord is upon the mighty waters.
4 The voice of the Lord is a powerful voice; *
the voice of the Lord is a voice of splendor.
5 The voice of the Lord breaks the cedar trees; *
the Lord breaks the cedars of Lebanon;
6 He makes Lebanon skip like a calf, *
and Mount Hermon like a young wild ox.
7 The voice of the Lord splits the flames of fire;
the voice of the Lord shakes the wilderness; *
the Lord shakes the wilderness of Kadesh.
8 The voice of the Lord makes the oak trees writhe *
and strips the forests bare.
9 And in the temple of the Lord *
all are crying, “Glory!”
10 The Lord sits enthroned above the flood;*
the Lord sits enthroned as King for evermore.
11 The Lord shall give strength to his people; *
the Lord shall give his people the blessing of peace.
> The voice of the Lord is heard in a thunderstorm.
> The phrase is used seven time (i.e. perfect number).
> The wind is coming from the northwest (significant).
> Naming of something or someone implies power over it.
> See and hear God in nature.
While Apollos was in Corinth, Paul passed through the interior regions and came to Ephesus, where he found some disciples. He said to them, “Did you receive the Holy Spirit when you became believers?” They replied, “No, we have not even heard that there is a Holy Spirit.” Then he said, “Into what then were you baptized?” They answered, “Into John’s baptism.” Paul said, “John baptized with the baptism of repentance, telling the people to believe in the one who was to come after him, that is, in Jesus.” On hearing this, they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus. When Paul had laid his hands on them, the Holy Spirit came upon them, and they spoke in tongues and prophesied– altogether there were about twelve of them.
> Accounts on baptism.
> Not consistent: hands — spirit — baptism.
> The early church baptized in the name of Jesus only — now it’s the Trinity.
> The number “12” may or may not be significant here.
John the baptizer appeared in the wilderness, proclaiming a baptism of repentance for the forgiveness of sins. And people from the whole Judean countryside and all the people of Jerusalem were going out to him, and were baptized by him in the river Jordan, confessing their sins. Now John was clothed with camel’s hair, with a leather belt around his waist, and he ate locusts and wild honey. He proclaimed, “The one who is more powerful than I is coming after me; I am not worthy to stoop down and untie the thong of his sandals. I have baptized you with water; but he will baptize you with the Holy Spirit.” In those days Jesus came from Nazareth of Galilee and was baptized by John in the Jordan. And just as he was coming up out of the water, he saw the heavens torn apart and the Spirit descending like a dove on him. And a voice came from heaven, “You are my Son, the Beloved; with you I am well pleased.”
> John the Baptist was well-known at that time.
> Baptism of repentance — a positive response to God.
> The confession of sin — announced or implicit in the river.
> John’s camel’s hair coat was similar to that in Elijah’s writings. Implied dressing like a prophet.
> John proclaims he is not the Messiah.
> The dove is a revelation only to Jesus — not the same in the other Gospels.
> No reference to dove in the Old Testament.
> The voice interprets what is happening.
> Jesus is the Messiah and the servant of the Lord.
> In Jewish tradition, you clothes are torn when significant evil has been experienced.