A Reading from the Book of Isaiah (62:1-5)
For Zion’s sake I will not keep silent, and for Jerusalem’s sake I will not rest, until her vindication shines out like the dawn, and her salvation like a burning torch. The nations shall see your vindication, and all the kings your glory; and you shall be called by a new name that the mouth of the Lord will give. You shall be a crown of beauty in the hand of the Lord, and a royal diadem in the hand of your God. You shall no more be termed Forsaken, and your land shall no more be termed Desolate; but you shall be called My Delight Is in Her, and your land Married; for the Lord delights in you, and your land shall be married. For as a young man marries a young woman, so shall your builder marry you, and as the bridegroom rejoices over the bride, so shall your God rejoice over you.
- These verses are taken from the third part of Isaiah.
- The time takes place after the exile to Babylon.
- When the people return Judah and Jerusalem are not like old times as there is poverty and destruction everywhere.
- Isaiah is trying to picture what the future will be like.
- He uses the idea of marriage to express the relationship of God to Israel.
5 Your love, O Lord, reaches to the heavens, *
and your faithfulness to the clouds.
6 Your righteousness is like the strong mountains,
your justice like the great deep; *
you save both man and beast, O Lord.
7 How priceless is your love, O God! *
your people take refuge under the shadow of your wings.
8 They feast upon the abundance of your house; *
you give them drink from the river of your delights.
9 For with you is the well of life, *
and in your light we see light.
10 Continue your loving-kindness to those who know you, *
and your favor to those who are true of heart.
- The main topic is to show the people’s dependence on God.
- The light of God is the central theme.
- The verses also emphasize God’s faithfulness.
A Reading from the First Letter of Paul to the Corinthians (12:1-11)
Now concerning spiritual gifts, brothers and sisters, I do not want you to be uninformed. You know that when you were pagans, you were enticed and led astray to idols that could not speak. Therefore I want you to understand that no one speaking by the Spirit of God ever says “Let Jesus be cursed!” and no one can say “Jesus is Lord” except by the Holy Spirit. Now there are varieties of gifts, but the same Spirit; and there are varieties of services, but the same Lord; and there are varieties of activities, but it is the same God who activates all of them in everyone. To each is given the manifestation of the Spirit for the common good. To one is given through the Spirit the utterance of wisdom, and to another the utterance of knowledge according to the same Spirit, to another faith by the same Spirit, to another gifts of healing by the one Spirit, to another the working of miracles, to another prophecy, to another the discernment of spirits, to another various kinds of tongues, to another the interpretation of tongues. All these are activated by one and the same Spirit, who allots to each one individually just as the Spirit chooses.
- This highlights the end of Paul’s discussion on the importance of community worship.
- The people argued about whose gifts were the most important.
- Three times the word “varieties” is contrasted with “same.”
- The key characteristic is the “common good.”
- Speaking in tongues is the babbling sounds, supposedly of the spirits.
- Paul put that at the bottom of the list — only meaningful if it can benefit others.
The Holy Gospel of Our Lord Jesus Christ according to John (2:1-11)
On the third day there was a wedding in Cana of Galilee, and the mother of Jesus was there. Jesus and his disciples had also been invited to the wedding. When the wine gave out, the mother of Jesus said to him, “They have no wine.” And Jesus said to her, “Woman, what concern is that to you and to me? My hour has not yet come.” His mother said to the servants, “Do whatever he tells you.” Now standing there were six stone water jars for the Jewish rites of purification, each holding twenty or thirty gallons. Jesus said to them, “Fill the jars with water.” And they filled them up to the brim. He said to them, “Now draw some out, and take it to the chief steward.” So they took it. When the steward tasted the water that had become wine, and did not know where it came from (though the servants who had drawn the water knew), the steward called the bridegroom and said to him, “Everyone serves the good wine first, and then the inferior wine after the guests have become drunk. But you have kept the good wine until now.” Jesus did this, the first of his signs, in Cana of Galilee, and revealed his glory; and his disciples believed in him.
- John’s reference to the “third day” is actually the fourth or fifth day. (grouping of events in each “day”)
- Almost all the wedding guests tended to be relatives of the bride and groom.
- The mother of Jesus was not specifically named in John.
- The term “woman” when addressing one’s mother is not used in any other place in the Bible.
- According to the rites of purification, only stone jars are used — permanently pure.
- The town of Cana is about nine miles from Nazareth.
- John elaborates on seven signs starting with the wedding at Cana and ending with the raising of Lazareth.